Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2013.06.005
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Scientific Article

Comparison of the conventional CMAC and the D-blade CMAC with the direct laryngoscopes in simulated cervical spine injury-a manikin study

Comparação do C-MAC convencional e C-MAC D-blade com laringoscópios diretos em simulação de lesão da coluna cervical-estudo em modelo

Divya Jain; Mandeep Dhankar; Jyotsna Wig; Amit Jain

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: CMAC videolaryngoscope has recently been introduced for videoscope guided intubation. The aim of our study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of the conventional blade and the angulated D blade of the CMAC videolaryngoscope with the direct laryngoscopes in simulated cervical spine injury patients on the airway manikin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following power analysis, 33 resident doctors were enrolled to perform endotracheal intubation using all the 4 different laryngoscopes namely the Macintosh laryngoscope, McCoy laryngoscope, conventional CMAC videolaryngoscope and the D blade of the CMAC videolaryngoscopes on the airway manikin in simulated cervical spine injury. The demographic variables of the resident doctors were recorded. The outcomes measured included vocal cord visualization (Cormack-Lehane grading), time taken to intubate, number of attempts for successful intubation and optimizing maneuvers required. RESULTS: The use of indirect videolaryngoscopes resulted in better glottic visualization in comparison to the direct laryngoscopes (CL-I) in 20/33 (60.6%) in the Macintosh group, 24/33 (72.7%) in McCoy group, 30/33 in (90.9%) in Vlc group and 32/33 (96.9%) in Vld group. The time taken to intubate averaged to 15.54 ± 2.6 in Macintosh group, 18.90 ± 4.47 in McCoy group, 20.21 ± 7.9 in Vlc group and 27.42 ± 9.09 in Vld group. The 1st attempt intubation success rate was 84.8% (Macintosh), 72.7% (McCoy), 90.9% (Vlc) and, 78.7% (Vld). CONCLUSIONS: The overall performance of the conventional CMAC blade proved to be the best when compared with the D-blade CMAC, Macintosh blade and the McCoy blade for intubation in simulated cervical spine patients by anesthesia residents.

Keywords

CMAC videolaryngoscope, D-blade CMAC, Simulated cervical spine, Manikin study

Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: o videolaringoscópio C-MAC foi recentemente introduzido para orientar a intubação. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar e avaliar a eficácia do laringoscópio C-MAC de lâmina convencional e C-MAC de lâmina angulada (D-blade) com laringoscópios diretos em simulação de pacientes com lesão de coluna cervical usando modelo de vias aéreas. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: após a análise do poder do estudo, 33 médicos residentes foram inscritos para realizar intubações endotraqueais, usando todos os quatro laringoscópios diferentes: laringoscópio Macintosh, laringoscópio McCoy, videolaringoscópios C-MAC convencional e C-MAC D-blade em modelos de vias aéreas com simulação de lesão da coluna cervical. As variáveis demográficas dos médicos residentes foram registradas. Os resultados avaliados incluíram visualização das pregas vocais (classificação de Cormack-Lehane), tempo necessário para intubar, número de tentativas para intubação bem-sucedida e manobras de otimização necessárias. RESULTADOS: o uso de laringoscópios indiretos resultou em melhor visualização da glote em comparação com os laringoscópios diretos (CL-I) em 20/33 (60,6%) no grupo Macintosh, 24/33 (72,7%) no grupo McCoy, 30/33 (90,9%) no grupo Vlc e 32/33 (96,9%) no grupo Vld. A média do tempo necessário para entubar foi de 15,54 ± 2,6 no grupo Macintosh, 18,90 ± 4,47 no grupo McCoy, 20.21 ± 7,9 no grupo Vlc e 27,42 ± 9,09 no grupo Vld. A taxa para a primeira tentativa de intubação bem-sucedida foi de 84,8% (Macintosh), 72,7% (McCoy), 90,9% (Vlc) e 78,7% (Vld). CONCLUSÃO: o desempenho geral da lâmina do C-MAC convencional mostrou ser melhor quando comparado com o das lâminas do C-MAC D-blade, Macintosh e McCoy para intubação em modelo de simulação de lesão da coluna cervical realizada por médicos residentes de anestesia.

Palavras-chave

Videolaringoscópio C-MAC, C-MAC D-blade, Simulação de lesão da coluna cervical, Estudo em modelo

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