Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/5e5d050c0e88253955b3f710
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Scientific Article

Alterações Fisiológicas Maternas da Gravidez

Guilherme F F Reis

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Resumo

A gestação produz profundas alterações no organismo materno com o objetivo fundamental de adequá-lo às necessidades orgânicas próprias do complexo materno-fetal e do parto. Inicialmente estas alterações se devem às ações hormonais provenientes do corpo lúteo e da placenta e a partir do segundo trimestre, também ao crescimento uterino. As principais modificações da fisiologia materna ocorrem no sistema cardiocirculatório, respiratório e gastrintestinal, além das metabólicas e hematológicas. O conhecimento destas modificações é de fundamental importância para o anestesiologista que se propõe a dar atendimento na difícil área da anestesia obstétrica.

Palavras-chave

PHYSIOLOGY: pregnancy; SURGERY: Obstetrics

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