Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1590/S0034-70942012000300008
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Miscellaneous

Perfil clínico e demográfico de anestesiologistas usuários de álcool e outras drogas atendidos em um serviço pioneiro no Brasil

Clinical and demographic profile of anesthesiologists using alcohol and other drugs under treatment in a pioneering program in Brazil

Hamer Nastasy Palhares Alves; Denise Leite Vieira; Ronaldo Ramos Laranjeira; Joaquim Edson Vieira; Luiz Antônio Nogueira Martins

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Resumo

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Anestesiologistas são os mais representados em serviços de atendimento a médicos com transtornos por uso de substâncias psicoativas. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um estudo descritivo sobre o perfil clínico e sociodemográfico de uma amostra de anestesiologistas dependentes químicos atendidos em um serviço de referência, bem como elencar comorbidades psiquiátricas, drogas frequentemente utilizadas e repercussões psicossociais e profissionais do consumo. MÉTODO: Realizou-se estudo transversal, prospectivo, tendo sido aplicadas entrevistas estruturadas para diagnóstico de transtornos mentais e transtornos por uso de substâncias psicoativas, com base na Classificação Internacional de Doenças - Versão 10 - e questionário sócio-ocupacional, aplicados por dois pesquisadores treinados. RESULTADOS: Cinquenta e sete anestesiologistas foram entrevistados, em sua maioria do sexo masculino (77,2%), idade média de 36,1 anos (DP = 8,5). Observou-se uma alta prevalência de uso de opioides (59,6%), benzodiazepínicos (35,1%) e álcool (35,1%). Usuários de opioides procuraram tratamento mais precocemente comparado aos não usuários desta substância e, geralmente, sob influência da pressão de colegas ou do conselho regional de medicina. O uso de drogas como automedicação foi elevado dentro deste subgrupo. CONCLUSÕES: Anestesiologistas podem apresentar um perfil distinto de risco de uso de opioides. O padrão de início de consumo, associado aos anos de residência médica ou aos primeiros anos da prática médica, reforça a hipótese de dependência de opioides como problema ocupacional entre anestesiologistas.

Palavras-chave

anestesiologista, doenças, ocupacionais

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anesthesiologists are the majority in impaired-physician programs that assist physicians who abuse psychoactive substances. The aim of this paper is to show a descriptive study about the clinical and sociodemographic profile of a sample of chemically dependent anesthesiologists treated in a reference program. In addition, the objective is to cite the psychiatric comorbities, the most frequently used drugs and the psychosocial and professional repercussions of substance abuse. METHOD: A cross-sectional and prospective study was conducted, and a socio-occupational questionnaire and a structured interview were carried out to diagnose mental and psychoactive substance use disorders, according to the International Classification of Diseases (the ICD-10). The questionnaire and the structured interview were carried out by two skilled researchers. RESULTS: Fifty-seven anesthesiologists were interviewed. Most of them were male (77.2%), and the mean age was 36.1 years (SD = 8.5%). A high prevalence of abuse of opioid (59.6%), benzodiazepine (3.1%) and alcohol (35.1%) was observed. Opioid users sought treatment earlier than other substance users and usually they were under pressure from their colleagues and the Regional Council of Medicine. The incidence of drug abuse for self-medication was high in this subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Anesthesiologists may present a different profile concerning the risks of opioid use. Opioid abuse usually begins during medical residency or during the first years of clinical practice, which supports the hypothesis that addiction to opioids is an occupational issue among anesthesiologists.

Keywords

anesthesiology, occupational diseases, opioid-related disorders, mental health

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