Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2023.06.004
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Original investigation

Posterior transversus abdominis plane block versus lateral quadratus lumborum block in children undergoing open orchiopexy: a randomized clinical trial

Özgecan P. Zanbak Mutlu, Ayşe Ç. Tütüncü, Pınar Kendigelen, Beril Kara Esen

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Abstract

Background

Due to the complex innervation of the testicle and spermatic cordanalgesic management can be challenging in orchiopexy. We aimed to compare the effects of posterior Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) and lateral Quadratus Lumborum Block (QLB) on analgesic use, pain, and parent satisfaction in unilateral orchiopexy.

Methods

ASA I–III, aged 6 months –to 12 years children undergoing unilateral orchiopexy were included to this double-blinded randomized trial. Patients were randomized into two groups with the closed envelope method before the surgery. Lateral QLB or posterior TAP block was applied under ultrasonography with 0.4 ml.kg−1 0.25% bupivacaine for both groups. The primary outcome was the assessment of additional analgesic usage in the peri-postoperative period. Evaluation of postoperative pain until 24 hours after surgery and parental satisfaction were also assessed as secondary outcomes.

Results

A total of 90 patients were included in the analysis (45 patients in each group). The number of patients needing remifentanil was significantly higher in the TAP group (p < 0.001). The average FLACC (TAP: 2.74 ± 1.8, QLB: 0.7 ± 0.84) and Wong-Baker scores (TAP: 3.13 ± 2.42, QLB: 0.53 ± 1.12) were significantly higher for TAP (p < 0.001). Additional analgesic consumption at the 10th, 20th minutes, 6th, 16th, and 24th hours, especially after the 6th hour, were significantly higher for TAP. Parent satisfaction was significantly higher in the QLB group (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Lateral QLB provided more effective analgesia than posterior TAP block in children undergoing elective open unilateral orchiopexy.

Clinical Trials Registry

: NCT03969316.

Keywords

Orchiopexy; Acutepain; Pediatrics; Regionalanesthesia; Nerveblock
64b5b3d0a953954dbc585b85 rba Articles
Links & Downloads

Braz J Anesthesiol

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