Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2021.12.001
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Case Report

Transfusion-related acute lung injury and treatment with high-flow oxygen therapy in a pediatric patient: a case report

Cengiz Sahutoglu, Cansu Balci, Taner Balcioglu

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Abstract

Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) is an immune-inflammatory lung pathology that manifests within the first 6–72 hours after administration of blood products. However, due to reduced awareness of TRALI, it continues to be an underreported and often underdiagnosed complication of transfusion therapy. We report a case of a 6-year-old girl with myelodysplastic syndrome and TRALI developed in the first hour after platelet transfusion. Diagnosis of TRALI is based on the exclusion of etiologic factors such as volume overload and cardiogenic pulmonary edema following transfusion. Symptoms responded to high-flow oxygen therapy, so intubation was not attempted and full recovery was achieved.

Keywords

Transfusion-related acute lung injury; Blood transfusion; Pediatrics; Oxygen inhalation therapy; Case report

References

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2. Roubinian N. TACO and TRALI: biology, risk factors, and prevention strategies. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2018;2018:585−94.
3. Murphy EL, Kwaan N, Looney MR, et al. Risk factors and outcomes in transfusion-associated circulatory overload. Am J Med. 2013;126:357. e29-38.
4. Semple JW, Rebetz J, Kapur R. Transfusion-associated circulatory overload and transfusion-related acute lung injury. Blood. 2019;133:1840−3.
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Submitted date:
03/06/2021

Accepted date:
12/05/2022

62169416a9539518382dc7d3 rba Articles
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Braz J Anesthesiol

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