Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Case Report

Transfusion-related acute lung injury and treatment with high-flow oxygen therapy in a pediatric patient: a case report

Cengiz Sahutoglu, Cansu Balci, Taner Balcioglu

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Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) is an immune-inflammatory lung pathology that manifests within the first 6–72 hours after administration of blood products. However, due to reduced awareness of TRALI, it continues to be an underreported and often underdiagnosed complication of transfusion therapy. We report a case of a 6-year-old girl with myelodysplastic syndrome and TRALI developed in the first hour after platelet transfusion. Diagnosis of TRALI is based on the exclusion of etiologic factors such as volume overload and cardiogenic pulmonary edema following transfusion. Symptoms responded to high-flow oxygen therapy, so intubation was not attempted and full recovery was achieved.


Transfusion-related acute lung injury; Blood transfusion; Pediatrics; Oxygen inhalation therapy; Case report


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