Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Letter to the Editor

A converted spray device for topical pharyngeal anesthesia in awake intubation

Um dispositivo de spray convertido para anestesia faríngea tópica na intubação acordada

Xue Li, Hai-yang Yu, Xiao Hu

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1 J.D. Taurog, A. Chhabra, R.A. Colbert Ankylosing Spondylitis and Axial Spondyloarthritis N Engl J Med, 374 (2016), pp. 2563-2574

2 S. Dhasmana, V. Singh, U.S. Pal Nebulisation Versus Spray-as-You-Go Airway Topical Anaesthesia in Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis using 2 % Lignocaine J Maxillofac Oral Surg, 14 (2015), pp. 398-402

3 T. Stopar-Pintaric, K. Vlassakov, J. Azman, et al. The thyrohyoid membrane as a target for ultrasonography-guided block of the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve J Clin Anesth, 27 (2015), pp. 548-552

4 D.A. Chernik, D. Gillings, H. Laine, et al. Validity and reliability of the Observer’s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale: study with intravenous midazolam J Clin Psychopharmacol, 10 (1990), pp. 244-251

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