Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Clinical Research

Anxiety and burnout in anesthetists and intensive care unit nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Sultan Acar Sevinc; Seyhan Metin; Nermin Balta Basi; Ayse Surhan Cinar; Melis Turkel Ozkan; Sibel Oba

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This study aimed to measure the levels of anxiety and burnout among healthcare workers, including attending physicians, residents, and nurses, in intensive care units during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

This is a cross-sectional survey analysis of healthcare workers in our institution. Data were collected on demographic variables, COVID-19 symptoms and test, disease status, anxiety level (assessed by the Beck Anxiety Inventory), and burnout level (measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Subscales of the burnout inventory were evaluated separately.

A total of 104 participants completed the survey. Attending physicians, residents, and nurses constituted 25%, 33.7%, and 41.3% of the cohort, respectively. In comparison to untested participants, those tested for COVID-19 had a lower mean age (p =  0.02), higher emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores (p =   0.001, 0.004, respectively), and lower personal accomplishment scores (p =  0.004). Furthermore, moderate to severe anxiety was observed more frequently in tested participants than untested ones (p =  0.022). Moderate or severe anxiety was seen in 23.1% of the attending physicians, 54.3% of the residents, and 48.8% of the nurses (p =  0.038). Emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment, and depersonalization scores differed depending on the position of the healthcare workers (p =  0.034, 0.001, 0.004, respectively).

This study revealed higher levels of anxiety and burnout in younger healthcare workers and those tested for COVID-19, which mainly included residents and nurses. The reasons for these observations should be further investigated to protect their mental health.


Anesthetist;  Anxiety;  Burnout syndrome;  COVID-19;  Intensive care unit
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Braz J Anesthesiol

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