Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2021.02.023
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Clinical Research

Patient safety in an endoscopy unit: an observational retrospective analysis of reported incidents

Cora Salles Maruri Correa, Airton Bagatini, Cassiana Gil Prates, Guilherme Becker Sander

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Abstract

Introduction
Patient safety is a serious public health with serious implications on morbidity, mortality, and quality of life of patients, in addition to negatively affecting the public image of health care institutions and professionals. It requires further investigation, especially in specialties lacking published data, such as endoscopy.

Objective
To analyze patient safety incidents reported in a gastrointestinal endoscopy unit of a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil.

Methods
This retrospective, cross-sectional study quantitatively described patient safety incidents related to endoscopic procedures. The sample consisted of reports of incidents that occurred from 2015 to 2017. The data were descriptively analysed, and the study was approved by the relevant research ethics committee.

Results
Overall, 42,863 endoscopic procedures were performed and 167 reports were submitted in the period, accounting for a prevalence of incidents of 0.38%. Most incidents did not result in unnecessary harm to patients (76.6%). The most prevalent incidents were those related to patient identification, followed by those related to pathology exams, exam reports, gastrointestinal perforations, skin lesions, falls and medication errors. The rate of adverse events (harm to patient) in patients undergoing any endoscopic procedure was 0.06%.

Conclusions
The incidence of unnecessary harm (adverse event) associated with any endoscopic procedure was relatively low in this study. However, the identification of reported incidents is crucial for evaluating and improving the quality of care provided to patients.

Keywords

Medical wrrors;  Risk management;  Gastrointestinal endoscopy;  Patient safety
6036c54fa95395582f07f644 rba Articles
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