Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2021.02.011
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Clinical Research

Tranexamic acid in total shoulder arthroplasty under regional anesthesia: a randomized, single blinded, controlled trial

Teresa Garcia, Mariana Fragão-Marques, Pedro Pimentão, Martim Pinto, Inês Pedro, Carlos Martins

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Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Tranexamic Acid (TXA) can significantly reduce perioperative blood loss in Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) performed under regional anesthesia.

Methods
We performed a randomized, single blinded, controlled study. Forty-five patients were submitted to TSA under regional anesthesia to treat cuff tear arthropathy, proximal humeral fractures, chronic instability, primary osteoarthrosis, and failures of previous prosthesis. Patients were randomized to either group TXA therapy (TXA), with 1 g Intravenous (IV), or no Intervention (NTXA). Postoperative total drain output, hemoglobin variation, total blood loss, hemoglobin loss, and need for transfusion were measured. Pain-related variables were also assessed: postoperative pain assessment by visual analog scale, inpatient pain breakthrough, quality of recovery, length of stay, and coagulation function testing.

Results
Participants presented a mean age of 76-years, 15.6% were male, 82.2% were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1 or 2. There were no differences between groups concerning transfusions, operative time, Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) length of stay and in-hospital stay, and QoR-15 or postoperative pain. Bleeding measured by drain output at 2, 24 and 48 hours was significantly less in the TXA group at each timepoint. There was a difference in Hb variation – TXA: median (IQR) -1.4 (1.3) g.dL-1 vs. NTXA: -2.2 (1.3) g.dL-1; median difference: 0.80 (0.00–1.20); p =  0.047. aPTT was lower in TXA administered patients – TXA: median (IQR) 29.6 (14.0)s vs. NTXA: 33 (5.8)s; difference in medians: -4.00 (-6.50–-1.00); p =  0.012.

Conclusion
TXA use significantly decreased blood loss measured by drain output and Hb drop in TSA under regional anesthesia.

Keywords

Total shoulder replacement;  Tranexamic acid; Surgical blood loss;  Blood transfusion
602689170e882556604de1ce rba Articles
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Braz J Anesthesiol

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