Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2020.04.003
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Scientific Article

Our clinical experience and follow-up results in hydatid cyst cases: a review of 393 patients from a single center

Nossa experiência clínica e resultados no acompanhamento de casos de cisto hidático

Mehmet Tercan, Tugba Bingol Tanriverdi, Ahmet Kaya, Nuray Altay

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Abstract

Background and objectives
Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The aim of our study is to present the clinical features of the patients who were treated for hydatid cyst, determine the interventional techniques and anesthesia methods used and review the occurred complications in detail.

Methods
This study included 393 patients who were followed up and/or treated with the diagnosis of hydatid cyst between January 2013 and November 2018. The patients’ data was evaluated retrospectively.

Results
The mean age of the patients was 31.0 ± 17.2 years. Of the patients, 111 (28.4%) had more than one cyst and 36 (9.2%) patients had multi-organ involvement. Six of the patients refused the intervention or was transferred to another hospital. Among the remaining 387 patients, 335 (85.2%) received general anesthesia and intubation, 9 patients (2.3%) received general anesthesia and laryngeal mask airway, 39 patients (9.9%) received sedoanalgesia and 4 patients (1%) received regional anesthesia. Perioperative mortality was developed in one patient. The most common periopertaive complication was allergic reaction (1.5%), whereas the most common post-operative complications were atelectasis (3.3%) and biliary fistula (3%). The mean Intensive Care Unit stay (ICU) was 1.9 ± 1.1 days in patients requiring ICU. Recurrence during the 40 ± 17 months follow-up occurred in 8.4% patients.

Conclusions
Anesthesiologists have an important role in the management of hydatid cyst patients. Patients should be evaluated exhaustively in terms of multi-organ involvement and the presence of more than one cyst in the same organ. The type of treatment procedure and the localization of the cysts determine the anesthetic management.

Keywords

Hydatid cyst;  Types of anesthesia;  Complications

Resumo

Introdução e objetivos
Cisto hidático é uma zoonose causada por Echinococcus granulosus. O objetivo do estudo é apresentar as características clínicas dos pacientes submetidos a tratamento de cisto hidático, determinar as técnicas intervencionistas e os tipos de anestesia utilizados, e revisar as complicações ocorridas, em detalhe.

Método
Este estudo incluiu 393 pacientes que foram acompanhados e/ou tratados com o diagnóstico de cisto hidático, entre Janeiro de 2013 e Novembro de 2018. Os dados dos pacientes foram avaliados retrospectivamente.

Resultados
A idade média dos pacientes foi 31,0 ± 17,2 anos. Do total de pacientes, 111 (28,4%) tinham mais de um cisto, e 36 (9,2%) apresentavam comprometimento em vários órgãos. Seis pacientes recusaram a intervenção ou foram transferidos para outro hospital. Dentre os 387 pacientes remanescentes, 335 (85,2%) receberam anestesia geral e intubação, 9 (2,3%) anestesia geral e máscara laríngea, 39 (9,9%) sedação e analgesia, e 4 (1%) anestesia regional. Houve um óbito no período perioperatório. Reação alérgica foi a complicação perioperatória mais comum (1,5%), e no pós-operatório, observou-se mais atelectasia (3,3%) e fístula biliar (3%). O tempo médio de internação na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva foi 1,9 ± 1,1 dias para aqueles que necessitaram desses cuidados. Recidiva durante o seguimento de 40 ± 17 meses ocorreu em 8,4% dos pacientes.

Conclusões
Os anestesiologistas têm um papel importante no tratamento dos pacientes com cisto hidático. Os pacientes devem ser avaliados exaustivamente em relação a comprometimento de vários órgãos e presença de mais de um cisto no mesmo órgão. O tipo de procedimento terapêutico e a localização dos cistos determinam a conduta anestésica.

Palavras-chave

Cisto hidático;  Tipos de anestesia;  Complicações

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