Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://bjan-sba.org/article/doi/10.1016/j.bjane.2014.09.002
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Review Article

Perioperative anaphylaxis

Anafilaxia perioperatória

Marta Inés Berrío Valencia

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:: Anaphylaxis remains one of the potential causes of perioperative death, being generally unanticipated and quickly progress to a life threatening situation. A narrative review of perioperative anaphylaxis is performed.

CONTENT:: The diagnostic tests are primarily to avoid further major events. The mainstays of treatment are adrenaline and intravenous fluids.

CONCLUSION:: The anesthesiologist should be familiar with the proper diagnosis, management and monitoring of perioperative anaphylaxis.

Keywords

Anaphylaxis, Hypersensitivity, Anesthesia, Perioperative period, Treatment

Resumo

ANTECEDENTES E OBJETIVO:: A anafilaxia continua sendo uma das causas potenciais de morte perioperatória, pois geralmente não é prevista e evolui rapidamente para uma situação ameaçadora da vida. Uma revisão da anafilaxia perioperatória é feita.

CONTEÚDO:: O exames diagnósticos são importantes principalmente para evitar eventos posteriores. Os pilares do tratamento são a adrenalina e os líquidos intravenosos.

CONCLUSÃO:: O anestesiologista deve estar familiarizado com o diagnóstico oportuno, manejo e monitoramento da anafilaxia perioperatória.

Palavras-chave

Anafilaxia, Hipersensibilidade, Anestesia, Período perioperatório, Terapêutica

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